News / July 1, 2024

Working Dogs: Everything You Need To Know

Along with being great family pets, dogs can also be great workers. There are several types of working dogs across various fields.

Service and Therapy dogs

Service Working Dogs

Service dogs are trained to assist those with disabilities in all types of situations. These include helping those who are visually impaired, people with hearing loss, those who need mobility assistance, and people who are prone to seizures. Service dogs are usually Golden Retrievers, Labradors, Poodles, or German Shepherds.

Therapy dogs are slightly different as they are trained to be emotional support. These dogs often go into hospitals or nursing homes to support sick or injured people. Any dog can become a therapy dog, but the dog needs to have the right temperament, socialisation, and training. Common therapy dogs include Border Collies, Labradors, and Golden Retrievers. 

Police and Military dogs

Security Working Dogs

Police and Military dogs are trained specifically to assist in the line of duty. Police dogs are trained to protect their handler, chase after and hold down criminal suspects who try to run from the police, and sometimes to sniff out substances.

Military dogs are trained to help with military operations. They are often used as detectors, trackers, sentries, scouts, and search and rescue. The most common police and military dogs are Belgian Malinois and German Shepherds. Springer Spaniels are used in train stations or airports.

Detection and Search-and-Rescue dogs

Detection Working Dogs

Both detection and search and rescue dogs have an exceptional sense of smell. Detection dogs are trained to sniff out particular substances, such as illegal drugs, explosives and even cancer and abnormal blood sugar levels. These dogs are used in law enforcement, such as airport security, or healthcare.

As well as having an incredible sense of smell, search and rescue dogs have brilliant hearing abilities. They are highly trained for tracking and specialised search operations such as avalanche rescues. These dogs include Leonbergers, Labradors, Golden Retrievers, German Shepherds, and Springer Spaniels.  

Herding and Livestock dogs

Herding Working Dogs

Herding dogs are usually bred specifically for this job. They are trained to work with various livestock, such as sheep and cattle. Herding breeds include Border Collies, King Shepherds, and Icelandic Sheepdogs.

Livestock dogs also work with animals on farms but are trained to guard them. These dogs protect vulnerable livestock from predators such as Coyotes, Wolves, or Mountain Lions. They are preferred to have as an addition to other protective measures as they can easily blend in with livestock and bark or attack predators if needed. Common dog breeds for this job include Australian Cattle Dogs and Border Collies. 

Guard/Protection dogs

Guard Working Dogs

Guard dogs, or protection dogs as they are also known, can be trained to protect their owner or territory. These dogs are highly trainable, intelligent and strong. They should be very loyal and have a natural instinct to protect. These dogs include Dobermans, German Shepherds, Rottweilers, and Cane Corsos.

At Platinum K9, we offer a protection residential training course. If you would like more information, please click here.

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